Your Lawn: How to Maintain it & Ensure its Health

Finally, we get to the essence of the matter. If you have got the right soil, and you have planted the right grass, how do you keep your lawn clean and green? Here are a few maintenance components to take into consideration:


This is easy. The general rule is to water deeply, when the lawn really requires it, rather than watering frivolously more regularly. If you water lightly, the water will not make it down into the soil so it will truly not be worth it. You should water sufficient to soak 15 to 20 cm (5 to 10 inches) deep, inspiring the roots to grow deep into the ground. Watering references vary amid diverse soil types, but as a general rule, water until there is about 2.5 cm of water (an inch) over the grounds surface.

Water as soon as the grass begins to dry out. Its colour will change from green to bluish grey, and it will lose some of its spring. If the grass does not spring back a few seconds after you step on it, it desires water. The best time to water is in the early morning; the water will not fade as effortlessly as in the afternoon, and it will cool the lawn down as temperatures begin climbing.


Fertilizing augments nutrients to the soil so that the soil can deliver nutrients to the grass. If you mow frequently, your grass will grow very quickly, which means it needs more nutrients than a regular plant. Your soil can deliver nutrients for most innate plants by itself, but it may need some help to nourish your grass.


This decreases the workload on a grass plant’s root system. A large culm above-ground needs more water and nutrients from underground. It is easier for the roots to deliver for the plant if the culm is smaller. Mowing also reassures the grass plant expands. When the blades cut down the leaves, the plant has to grow new leaves to captivate sunlight. This helps build a denser, thicker lawn, which is more resilient to disease and weeds and anything else that may effect your lawn negatively. It may be a good idea to hire professional lawn care servicesto ensure that your lawn is well maintained and stays healthy at all times.

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The perfect cut for stylish lawns

With spring approaching, lawn care experts point out that not all mowing techniques are the same. “Simply mowing your lawn is not enough,” says John Ladds, the operations manager at Weed Man Canada. “For the healthiest, most attractive lawns, mowing properly makes all the difference.”

The pros recommend brushing up on the following best practices:

Know when to mow

Before that first mowing, make sure that there is no standing water and that your grass has had a chance to air dry. Any excess debris should be removed as well. Mow frequently enough to shave the top third of your grass blades while maintaining a mower height of 7.5 to 8.5 cm. This could mean two to three times per week during periods of rapid growth such as spring and fall.

Tune it Up

After sitting in the shed all winter, your lawn mower could really benefit from some care. Whether you do it yourself, or take it in to a shop, make sure you change the oil, and check that all cables, spark plugs, air filters, brakes and wheels are in good condition.

Stay Sharp

A sharp blade ensures that your mower is cutting the grass cleanly. Improperly shorn or frayed grass is not only unsightly, but can also make your lawn more susceptible to disease. Remember that new mowers require sharpening too; factory-sharpened blades are not sufficient for mowing. Mower blades need sharpening two to three times per season. You could consider purchasing a second blade that can be switched out when it’s time to sharpen.

Technique Rules

If you mow north/south one week, try east/west the next. Alternating your mowing direction keeps grass blades growing straight, allowing for better air circulation and light penetration. For a professional look, mow in straight lines and overlap your wheel’s line marks slightly. Keep lawn edges looking clean by using a trimmer to shape areas around curbs and sidewalks.

Mulch your clippings

For much of the year it is recommended that you use your mower’s mulching functionality, as this returns valuable nutrients back to the soil. For the first and last mow of the year, however, attaching your mower’s bag can help keep your lawn clean and breathing easily.

Don’t Compete

As a further complication, these coastal conditions can also make an excellent breeding ground for moss. Moss competes directly with your lawn for nutrients, and can be an issue if left unchecked. Keeping humidity, acidity, and shade under control should help, but for persistent problems, a lawn care expert may be consulted to help with a professional moss management plan.

A Little Off the Top

Everyone on the coast knows that lawns can sometimes undergo what seems like uncontrollable, rampant growth. Under these conditions it can be tempting to mow too low, causing reduced root growth and compromising the overall health of your lawn. Instead, maintain a mower height of at least 7.5 cm, and mow regularly enough to remove the topmost 1/3 of grass blades.

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